“Fascioliasis is an emerging disease, which can cause death in humans and causes enormous losses in livestock. It is a condition that causes the underdevelopment of the affected communities and is closely related to climate change, which is currently expanding geographically and whose reservoir is livestock species ”, explains Santiago Mas-Coma, professor of Parasitology at the University of Valencia, expert of the World Health Organization (WHO) in parasitic diseases and coordinator of the WHO / FAO / United Nations group of the academic institution. The main contribution of the research is that the vector species, in this case the snail that transmits the disease in South America, is different in the high Andean areas

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such as Bolivia and Peru, from the low areas (Lymnaea neotropical), like Uruguay, where this disease has a scarce affection in humans. “The group has also elucidated the origin of the Kazakhstan Email List disease in Uruguay. It is a consequence of the introduction of the parasite and the vector through the handling of cattle by the Spaniards in the first years of colonization when silver was transported from the Potosí mines in Bolivia ”, adds Mas-Coma. María Dolores Bargues, professor of Parasitology at the University of Valencia, has developed the molecular studies of the research. “It has been an arduous task of sequencing the parasite and its vectors. Years ago we developed DNA markers that have now allowed us to analyze the traceability of the disease in the past and its correlation with the beginnings of Spanish colonization at the time of the Viceroyalty of Río de la

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Plata that extended from Buenos Aires to Alto Peru. It was exciting to verify how the molecular data were progressively drawing a dispersion of the disease that adjusted to the history of colonization “, he highlighted. The work has been carried out in collaboration with the Miguel C. Rubino Veterinary Laboratories Division (DILAVE) of the Uruguayan Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries. The project has been financed for all of Latin America by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), coordinated by Gerrit Viljoen, of this organization’s Headquarters in Vienna and is part of the World Health Organization’s program to eradicate fasciolasis human. In addition to Mas-Coma and Bargues, the University of Valencia also involved researcher Patricio Artigas, from the Faculty of Pharmacy. Valeria Gayo, veterinarian in charge of endoparasites at DILAVE,

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