it has been shown that the application of this type of analysis allows not only to reconstruct the diet of a population group, but also constitutes a real alternative to historical anthropological ensembles that would have little potential if only they were studied using traditional methods. . Cereal-based diet According to carbon isotopes, the diet of the buried population in Boadilla was based on winter cereals, a category that includes wheat, barley, rye or oats. However, short-cycle cereals, which in this chronology are restricted to millet and panizo, also formed an important part of the diet of that community. “This is relevant because this and other previous studies suggest that the production and consumption of these minor cereals could be a characteristic feature of groups of peasants with some autonomy and control over their production.

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Millets are very nutritious and ecologically efficient cereals, Dominica Email List but they have traditionally been little appreciated. That is why they do not respond to the logics in which a higher power controls the products that are grown, rather, they make more sense in contexts in which the peasants themselves may decide to diversify their crops ”, highlights García Collado. Regarding the proteins of animal origin (meat, eggs, milk, dairy) that have been detected through nitrogen isotopes, their consumption would be limited and occasional. Likewise, the consumption of fish has been ruled out. From there, variability in diet within the population was analyzed. “We did not detect any difference in terms of cereal consumption across the different age categories. However, we did identify a pattern regarding the consumption of proteins of animal origin ”, comments the UPV

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EHU researcher. According to the nitrogen isotope results, the youngest individuals (between 2 and 8 years old) consumed the least products of animal origin. The consumption of meat, eggs, dairy products and other derivative products increased slightly between the ages of 8 and 14, to reach the same height as adults during adolescence (from the age of 14). “This means that access to these types of products was conditioned by age and that younger individuals had very restricted access to them. Furthermore, it tells us that it was from approximately 14 years of age that adolescents began to be treated as adults ”, he points out. Another interesting question investigated was the existence of differences in diet between individuals buried with objects of personal adornment or everyday tools and those who were buried without any of it. “Often, it has been considered that these objects,

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