desired in the detection of the Wada borders. “By studying it from different perspectives, these numerical algorithms have allowed us to understand the Wada property in greater depth,” concludes Álvar Daza.A research team from the Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio), a joint center of the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and the University of Valencia (UV), has observed that a virus that affects a herbaceous plant of the family of crucifers can evolve to reduce their virulence in their host organism. Researchers have observed that, under conditions of drought for the plant, the virus evolves its genome in such a way that it is capable of altering the circadian clock of its host, preventing it from losing water and favoring its

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survival by up to 25% more. It is the first time that it has been Egypt WhatsApp Number List documented how natural selection can change the relationship between virus and host depending on the environment, a study thatIt is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) . The work has been carried out by inoculating a virus of the genus Potyvirus , the turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), in Arabidopsis thaliana , a herbaceous plant of the cruciferous family (such as broccoli or cauliflower ) widely used as a study model. The research team studied the evolution of the virus in plants under normal conditions and in a drought situation, characterizing the changes (mutations) that occurred in their genes. In the viruses evolved in plants with drought, they

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observed that the mutations were concentrated in the VPg protein, which plays a determining role in the relationship of the virus with its host. “Under normal conditions, the virus shows its classic vision as a pathogen, killing watered plants. However, the infected plants that were subjected to conditions of drought stress remained alive ”, explains Santiago Elena , CSIC research professor at I2SysBio and lead author of the study. For their part, plants infected with the drought-evolved virus showed a series of changes in genes associated with their circadian clock, the system that controls biological processes in plants such as their response to lack of water. Attenuate a virus Subsequently, they used variants of the virus evolved in plants subjected to drought

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