Peninsula, representative of the Neolithic Culture of Almagra ceramics, characteristic of the first Andalusian farmers. Prehistoric migrations have played an important role in the genetic makeup of European populations. Since the last glacial maximum, approximately 20,000 years ago, Europe was inhabited exclusively by hunter-gatherer groups, but two major migrations during the last 10,000 years had massive impacts on the lifestyle and gene pool of European populations. First, approximately 7,400 years ago, groups originating from the Middle East and Anatolia introduced agricultural practices to Europe during the Neolithic Age. Later, 5,000 years ago, populations of the Pontic-Caspian steppe spread across the European continent, replacing the

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previous ones. As both movements originated in the east, the Nigeria WhatsApp Number List westernmost parts of the continent were the last to be reached by these migrations. Although archaeological studies have shown that both migrations have replaced more than half of the genetic record of central and northern Europe, much less was known about the influence of these events on Iberian populations, especially in southern areas such as Andalusia. Two independent Neolithic migrations The first farmers came mainly to Iberia by following a coastal route through the northern Mediterranean Sea. This study shows that Iberian Neolithic individuals show genetic differences with the first migrant farmers who settled in central and northern Europe. “This suggests that the first farmers

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of Iberia trace most of their ancestors back to the first Neolithic peoples who emigrated to the Peninsula by the Mediterranean route and that the later contributions of their Central European counterparts were lower in this region”, says the Paleo- geneticist Cristina Valdiosera, from La Trobe University in Australia, one of the lead authors of the study. These migrants from the Mediterranean route show a strong genetic connection with the modern inhabitants of the Mediterranean island of Sardinia. We can probably consider modern Sardinians to be relatively direct descendants of the people who spread agricultural practices throughout the Mediterranean region around 8,000 years ago, “adds Mattias Jakobsson, population geneticist at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, and another of the authors. main of the study. The first groups of Neolithic farmers, very small Despite

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