journal Molecular Ecology . The results of the research show how, as the climate in northern Europe cooled, the populations of prisons – plants today distributed in the Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean but whose ancestors occupied Central Europe in the past – escaped by migrating to the south by adapting to a new climate. This process of modification of the ecological requirements developed in a time interval of about 3 million years at a much slower speed than the current climate change triggered by humanity. For this reason, this study is important to understand the consequences of climate changes on the distribution and ecology of species and, in addition, sheds light on how these changes trigger adaptation responses in living
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beings, being able to determine evolutionary processes USA WhatsApp Number List so important for understand biodiversity as the appearance of new species. Carmen Benítez Benítez and Santiago Martín Bravo Carmen Benítez Benítez and Santiago Martín Bravo This multidisciplinary research team has been formed by Carmen Benítez Benítez and Santiago Martín Bravo (UPO) in collaboration with Marcial Escudero (US), Francisco Rodríguez Sánchez (Doñana Biological Station-CSIC) and Pedro Jiménez Mejías (Smithsonian Institution), carrying out a study of the evolutionary history of a lineage of plants of the genus Carex –commonly known as Carices, Ciperáceas family– from the Pliocene to the present day. To do this, they applied a novel approach that
integrates data from different sources – fossil records, current distribution data, molecular markers – using various methodologies – phylogenetic and phylogeographic, distribution modeling and evolution of the ecological niche. The plants studied belong to two close species whose current distribution is restricted to the edges of small rivers and streams of the Iberian Peninsula and the western Mediterranean basin. The ancestors of these species are known from fossils that inhabited central Europe in the Pliocene, Numerous previous studies have demonstrated the effect of abrupt climatic oscillations, such as the Quaternary glaciations, on the distribution of animals and plants in Europe. However, the influence of these changes on the