in this case, the discovery of a new species is a milestone of great significance. , not only scientific but also social ”, they assure. In short, the basic research studies carried out by the Botanical Research and Plant Conservation Group of the UA, which have led to the discovery of the new species Pinguicula saetabensis, result in a better understanding of biodiversity and direct and indirect benefits that supposes its conservation. A team made up of research staff from the Botany Area of the Pablo de Olavide University , the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), the University of Seville and the Smithsonian Institution (United States) has published a study on the response of plants to past climate changes in the journal Molecular Ecology . The results of the research show how, as the climate in northern Europe cooled, the populations of prisons –
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plants today distributed in the Iberian Thailand Email List Peninsula and the Mediterranean but whose ancestors occupied Central Europe in the past – escaped by migrating to the south by adapting to a new climate. This process of modification of the ecological requirements developed in a time interval of about 3 million years at a much slower speed than the current climate change triggered by humanity. For this reason, this study is important to understand the consequences of climate changes on the distribution and ecology of species and, in addition, sheds light on how these changes trigger adaptation responses in living beings, being able to determine evolutionary processes so important for understand biodiversity as the appearance of new species. Carmen Benítez Benítez and Santiago Martín Bravo Carmen Benítez Benítez and Santiago Martín Bravo This multidisciplinary research
team has been formed by Carmen Benítez Benítez and Santiago Martín Bravo (UPO) in collaboration with Marcial Escudero (US), Francisco Rodríguez Sánchez (Doñana Biological Station-CSIC) and Pedro Jiménez Mejías (Smithsonian Institution), carrying out a study of the evolutionary history of a lineage of plants of the genus Carex –commonly known as Carices, Ciperáceas family– from the Pliocene to the present day. To do this, they applied a novel approach that integrates data from different sources – fossil records, current distribution data, molecular markers – using various methodologies – phylogenetic and phylogeographic, distribution modeling and evolution of the ecological niche. The plants studied belong to two close species whose current distribution is restricted to the edges of small rivers and streams of the Iberian