The survival of a third of the Top 10 species discovered in 2015 is compromised because they have very narrow ranges. And it is that this year’s list shows that one of the problems facing biodiversity is the lack of space. A plant discovered by Facebook that only lives on the top of a mountain, a scale of humidity that builds mud shelters in a single cave in Brazil or a tortoise of the Galapagos Islands of which there are only 250 individuals that lives in the part western Santa Cruz Island are the three species with the most restricted area. This year’s list also includes two species that inhabited our planet thousands of years ago, Homo naledi and Pliobates cataloniae, as well as a seahorse and a strikingly colored dragonfly, a bioluminscent anglerfish and a tiny, aquatic beetle. Each year taxonomists from around the world

discover about 20,000 species and an Aruba Email Lists Aruba Email Lists international committee of researchers led by Dr. Quentin D. Wheeler, from the International Institute for Species Exploration (IISE), and coordinated by the MNCN researcher Antonio G. Valdecasas, highlights 10 of those species. “They are all magnificent and with this initiative we try to raise awareness about the importance of continuing to know and thus be able to protect the incalculable biodiversity that surrounds us and of which we know with certainty that we only know a small part,” explains Valdecasas. The list is released to celebrate the anniversary of Charles Linnaeus, an 18th-century Swedish botanist who is considered the father of modern taxonomy. The figures vary but according to scientists there are around 12 million species to be discovered,

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five times more than those already known. “Discovering and naming the species that populate the planet, ordering them by kinship and knowing both their way of life and their areas of distribution is the only possible way to understand the development of life on our planet and learn to protect it”, concludes the researcher of the MNCN. The Top 10 Species of 2015 Phytotelmatrichis osopaddington This tiny beetle, about one millimeter long, lives in small receptacles of water that are created at the bases of bromeliads. Specifically, this new species has been found in plants related to ginger and bananas. Most of the beetles live on the forest floor where they feed on decaying materials and, at the moment, it is unknown how Phytotelmatrichis Osopaddington manages to feed in a habitat so alien to the beetles.

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