genome size but also the weight of factors such as climate, the size of the animals, their reproductive mode or their development speedMaite Iris García Collado’s research addresses the knowledge of the diet of the population that inhabited the village of Boadilla, a settlement of peasants from the Visigoth period (6th-8th centuries AD) located on the outskirts of the current municipality of Illescas, in Toledo. Biomolecular analysis allows not only to reconstruct the diet of a population group, but it also constitutes a real alternative to record anthropological ensembles that would have little potential if they were only studied using traditional methods. The objective of the work of this researcher from the University of the Basque Country / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea was to demonstrate that biomolecular archeology techniques can be a useful alternative to obtain new
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data on various social and economic aspects of rural societies Congo Email List of the Iberian Peninsula in the High Middle Ages and thus return the historical value to these anthropological groups. For this, on the one hand, a traditional anthropological study was carried out to determine the size of the population buried in Boadilla and its demographic profile (age and sex), which determined that it was a stable population in which all the age categories. On the other hand, Stable carbon-nitrogen isotope analyzes were carried out from a part of the randomly selected population. “This technique is based on the premise that the chemical composition of the food we eat is reflected in the chemical composition of the tissues of our body. Therefore, by analyzing the composition of the anthropological remains of an archaeological population, we can know their diet ”, explains Maite Iris García Collado.
Little is known about the rural habitats of that time because the written sources hardly tell anything about them and the archaeological remains that they left are scarce and not very visible. “In these types of contexts, cemeteries that occupy large areas are frequent, with graves that form irregular courses, in which one or more people were interred successively, often accompanied by different types of objects,” says the researcher. However, the anthropological material from these cemeteries, that is, the bones and teeth of the people who inhabited these villages, have not received much attention, because they are often fragmented and poorly preserved. This has been an obstacle to the knowledge of these populations, since it was assumed that the information that could be obtained from their anthropological remains was very scarce. Now, with this research,