with greater presence of boundaries, high crop productivity is also achieved. Intensive agriculture and livestock are proven to harm biodiversity by drastically reducing the number of plant and animal species. Those that disappear with these practices are
also essential to produce the food we consume. This is the case of arthropods that act as pollinators and also naturally control pests that affect crops. In this article, which has just been published in the journal Ecology Letters, they have examined how they affect the composition of agricultural landscapes -percentage of areas dedicated exclusively to cultivation and semi-natural habitats-, and the configuration of those areas, that is, the density and length of boundaries between fields, arthropod

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abundance, pest control, pollination and Great Britain Email List crop yield. The work has been based on raw data from 49 previous studies that analyzed 1,515 European agricultural landscapes. “With the measurement and analysis of the different variables, we have verified that the effects on the different types of landscapes are not linear. The responses vary along the composition and configuration gradients of the landscape,” explains MNCN researcher Elena Concepción. “In any case, in areas where there is a higher density of boundaries, we have verified that the abundance of pollinating arthropods and natural pest controllers increased by 70 and 44% respectively. Likewise, we have detected that, in landscapes with more from 50% of cultivated land,

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the production of crops increased with the density of boundaries, “he continues. According to Mario Díaz, also a researcher at the MNCN: “This synthesis corroborates that promoting diversity in ecosystems not only improves biodiversity but also increases agricultural production and makes it more sustainable.”An international team of researchers in which the National Museum of Natural Sciences (MNCN-CSIC) participates has prepared a synthesis in which they analyze how the composition and configuration of agricultural landscapes affect the abundance of arthropods and the quality of the services that ecosystems provide us. The data confirm that, in areas where there is a higher density of boundaries, the presence of pollinating arthropods

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