Austropotamobius pallipes , to prevent them from disappearing from our rivers. Let’s imagine that the studies on this animal advance and discover that what was believed to be a single species are actually two, one distributed in the north and another in the south that would be renamed Austropotamobius andalusicus. Strictly speaking, the legislation no longer applies to the new species, and it could be hunted again. “Should we give up scientifically differentiating southern populations, so that they are not preyed upon by crabbers? Should we stop investigating so that it is possible to protect the organisms that we do not want to disappear?” Asks Miguel Ángel Alonso Zarazaga, researcher of the MNCN and one of the signatories of the work. “What Garnett and Christidis propose is to change the entire biological classification system so that it adapts to the legislation,

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when the opposite should be the case. Timor-Leste Email List That includes the creation of a kind of lay courts (jurists, conservatives, and even politicians, among others) who would give the researcher permission to be able to describe the new species. Once the specific singularity of some populations of organisms has been assured, their possible kinship relationships are inferred and then they are named in such a way that this knowledge is explicit in the name. The way of assigning scientific names is not and cannot be arbitrary but is based on the kinship relationships (phylogeny) that exist between living beings. Taxonomic ordering seeks to represent these relationships. “To solve this legal problem, perhaps we should consider protecting organic entities and not only specific species, but the science of taxonomy cannot be ignored, the one that has allowed us to know and organize the world”,

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points out Antonio G. Valdecasas, also MNCN researcher and co-author of the answer. Thanks to the nomenclature system created by the Swedish scientist Carlos Linnaeus in the 18th century, the name of a species allows us to know its kinship relationships just by looking at it as well as the biology that has led to that nomination. The scientific names of the species follow the binomial nomenclature system. Made up of two words, the first is the genus of the animal and the second specifies the species to which it belongs. “If we talk about Homo sapiens we know that it has arms and legs, and that almost all its members handle an elaborate language, among other characteristics. Just by looking at the name we know that we are talking about a species that has closer ancestors with Homo erectus than with Gorilla gorilla”Valdecasas explains.” As in the rest of scientific disciplines,

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